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Forest Tree Species Traced with a DNA-Based Proof for Illegal Logging Case in Poland

We present the usefulness of the DNA neutral markers (i.e., microsatellite loci) and cytoplasmic genes in forensic botany based on several case studies of illegal wood identification in Poland, concerning the most economically important coniferous tree species such as Pinus sylvestris L., Picea abies (L.) Karst., Abies alba Mill., and Larix decidua (L.). Thanks to the DNA profiles established on the basis of minimum 4 microsatellite nuclear DNA loci, and at least one cytoplasmic organelle (mitochondrial or chloroplast) DNA marker, the determination of the DNA profiles provided fast and
reliable comparison between material of evidence (also wood and needles) and material of reference (first of all tree stumps) in the forest.

Details
  • Justyna A. Nowakowska, Tomasz Oszako, Anna Tereba¬†Agata Konecka
  • Evolutionary Biology: Biodiversification from Genotype to Phenotype
  • 2015