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Wildlife forensic science: A review of genetic geographic origin assignment

This review focuses on DNA testing, which relies on assignment of an unknown sample to its genetic population of origin. Key examples of this are the trade in timber, fish and ivory and these are used only to illustrate the large number of species for which this type of testing is potentially available. The role of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA markers is discussed, alongside a comparison of neutral markers with those exhibiting signatures of selection, which potentially offer much higher levels of assignment power to address specific questions. A review of assignment tests is presented along with detailed methods for evaluating error rates and considerations for marker selection.

  • Rob Ogden  Adrian Linacre
  • Forensic Science International: Genetics
  • 2015
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2015.02.008